Marine art includes seascapes. As a favorite among art lovers, seascapes have endured the test of time. Around 1790, "seascape" was used to characterize coastal or ocean-view paintings. This was meant to resemble landscape paintings, which show a lot of lands. The artwork's topic may be the ocean, beaches, or nautical landscape; it need not be a view from land.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Ando Hiroshige, Pierre Auguste Renoir, J.M.W. Turner, and Winslow Homer are just a few among the great painters who have created breathtaking seascapes.
Despite their use in pre-Renaissance painting, seascapes didn't become widely popular until the Renaissance.
Since the early 1800s, when many individuals were engaged in marine commerce, the sea has been represented as a place of care and shifting temperament. The paintings depicted the dread of drowning at sea. Most paintings of the water depicted storms and ships being wrecked by the sea's waves。 One would wonder who would purchase artwork depicting something so gruesome. Overcoming the ocean is the key, and it is this triumph that hosts would have their guests ponder.
Towards the century's close of the 19th century, new pigments allowed painters to break out of their studios and paint in the open air. The introduction of Impressionism, in which painters tried to depict the fleeting qualities of light and the moment by using a softer color palette and a style without definite lines, was influenced by these and other causes. The new period has given us seascape paintings that emphasize calm and sobriety.
Early 20th-century artists stressed water's tranquility over its volatility. The goal was to convey how serene the seas can be.
The most renowned and prolific seascape artists include Eugène-Louis Boudin (French, 1824 -1898), Ivan Constantinovich Aivazovsky (Russian, 1817 -1900), Claude Monet (French, 1840 -1926), William Trost Richards (American, 1833 -1905), Alexei Bogoliubov (Russian, 1824 -1896), Alfred Thompson Bricher (American, 1837 -1908), James E. Buttersworth (American, 1817 -1894), Henry Moret (French, 1856 -1913), Joseph Mallord William Turner (British, 1775 -1851), Willem van de Velde the Younger (Dutch, 1633 -1707), among others.